Review of Scientific Instruments, 1999, V 70, N 8, August.


Locking the cavity of a pulsed periodically poled lithium niobate optical 
parametric oscillator to the wavelength of a continuous-wave injection 
seeder by an "intensity-dip" method
Y. He, G. W. Baxter, and B. J. Orr
pp. 3203-3213

Ultralow-angle dynamic light scattering with a charge coupled device camera based multispeckle, multitau correlator Luca Cipelletti and D. A. Weitz pp. 3214-3221

Transient temperature measurements in an ideal gas by laser-induced Rayleigh light scattering J. F. Horton and J. E. Peterson pp. 3222-3226

Design and performance of graded multilayers as focusing elements for x-ray optics Ch. Morawe, P. Pecci, J. Ch. Peffen, and E. Ziegler pp. 3227-3232

Study of the capability of energy dispersive small angle x-ray scattering with synchrotron radiation Kuan-Li Yu, Chih-Hao Lee, Ching-Shiang Hwang, Huan-Chi Tseng, Poh-Kun Tseng, Tsang-Lang Lin, Szu-Li Chang, Rong-Jiun Sheu, and Sow-Hsin Chen pp. 3233-3238

Six-circle diffractometer for surface diffraction using an in-vacuum x-ray detector M. Albrecht, H. Antesberger, W. Moritz, H. Plöckl, M. Sieber, and D. Wolf pp. 3239-3243

Multiply charged cluster ion crossed-beam apparatus: Multi-ionization of clusters by ion impact T. Bergen, X. Biquard, A. Brenac, F. Chandezon, B. A. Huber, D. Jalabert, H. Lebius, M. Maurel, E. Monnand, J. Opitz, A. Pesnelle, B. Pras, C. Ristori, and J. C. Rocco pp. 3244-3253

The generation of a tunable laser emission in the vacuum ultraviolet and its application to supersonic jet/multiphoton ionization mass spectrometry Tomohiro Uchimura, Takayuki Onoda, Cheng-Huang Lin, and Totaro Imasaka pp. 3254-3258

Repetitively sampled time-of-flight mass spectrometry for gas-phase kinetics studies Christopher Fockenberg, Herbert J. Bernstein, Gregory E. Hall, James T. Muckerman, Jack M. Preses, Trevor J. Sears, and Ralph E. Weston, Jr. pp. 3259-3264

A crossed molecular beam apparatus using high-resolution ion imaging Nobuaki Yonekura, Christian Gebauer, Hiroshi Kohguchi, and Toshinori Suzuki pp. 3265-3270

Optical high voltage measurement using Pockels microsingle crystal Josemir Coelho Santos, Muslum Cengiz Taplamacioglu, and Kunihiko Hidaka pp. 3271-3276


Characterization of high charge electron beams induced by excimer laser irradiation V. Nassisi and E. Giannico pp. 3277-3281 Spatial distribution of electron cloud footprints from microchannel plates: Measurements and modeling A. S. Tremsin and O. H. W. Siegmund pp. 3282-3288

Fast beam photofragment apparatus for studies of electronic and nuclear dynamics H. B. Pedersen, M. J. Jensen, C. P. Safvan, X. Urbain, and L. H. Andersen pp. 3289-3298

A compact electron energy analyzer for measuring field emission energy distributions John M. Bernhard, Ambrosio A. Rouse, Edward D. Sosa, Bruce E. Gnade, David E. Golden, and Babu R. Chalamala pp. 3299-3302

Focusing characteristics of intense beam solenoid lens An Sun and B. H. Sun pp. 3303-3307

Using the induced axial magnetic field to measure the root mean square beam size and beam density uniformity of an electron beam in an induction linac Bruce E. Carlsten pp. 3308-3313


Toroidal crystal spectrometer for time-resolved x-ray absorption diagnostic in dense plasmas Francesca Pisani, Michel Koenig, Dimitri Batani, Tom Hall, Denis Desenne, Jean Bruneau, and Charles Reverdin pp. 3314-3318

The characteristics of the newly designed microchannel plate detector in a strong magnetic field Y. Katsuki, K. Ishii, Y. Ono, N. Kikuno, T. Goto, Y. Goi, M. Nagasaki, N. Ishibashi, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu pp. 3319-3323

Ion beam mass spectrometer for compositional analysis of plasma assisted surface processes in the pressure range of 1–50 mbar Sz. Kátai, Z. Tass, L. Bori, Gy. Hárs, P. Deák, and L. Geelhaar pp. 3324-3328

Vacuum arc plasma transport through a magnetic duct with a biased electrode at the outer wall T. Zhang, B. Y. Tang, Q. C. Chen, Z. M. Zeng, P. K. Chu, M. M. M. Bilek, and I. G. Brown pp. 3329-3331

Production of microwave plasma in narrow cross sectional tubes: Effect of the shape of cross section Sudeep Bhattacharjee and Hiroshi Amemiya pp. 3332-3337


A flexible high-current lead for use in high-magnetic-field cryogenic environments P. E. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Ekin, and S. L. Bray pp. 3338-3340

Stroboscopic x-ray topography in crystals under 10-m-surface acoustic wave excitation E. Zolotoyabko, D. Shilo, W. Sauer, E. Pernot, and J. Baruchel pp. 3341-3345


The novel surface science instrument: Double reflection electron emission microscope Krzysztof Grzelakowski pp. 3346-3350

A unique optical arrangement for obtaining spectrally resolved confocal images Michael J. Stimson, Nicole Haralampus-Grynaviski, and John D. Simon pp. 3351-3354

A variable cryogenic temperature near-field scanning optical microscope Matthew H. Gray and J. W. P. Hsu pp. 3355-3361

Real-time, interferometrically measuring atomic force microscope for direct calibration of standards S. Gonda, T. Doi, T. Kurosawa, Y. Tanimura, N. Hisata, T. Yamagishi, H. Fujimoto, and H. Yukawa pp. 3362-3368

Low-temperature atomic force microscope using piezoresistive cantilevers R. E. Thomson pp. 3369-3372

A reproducible method to fabricate atomically sharp tips for scanning tunneling microscopy Yoshiaki Nakamura, Yutaka Mera, and Koji Maeda pp. 3373-3376

Microwave-frequency alternating current scanning tunneling microscopy by difference frequency detection: Atomic resolution imaging on graphite J. Schmidt, D. H. Rapoport, and H.-J. Fröhlich pp. 3377-3380

Novel physical sensors using evanescent microwave probes Massood Tabib-Azar, Deji Akinwande, G. Ponchak, and S. R. LeClair pp. 3381-3386

Transient thermography using evanescent microwave microscope M. Tabib-Azar, R. Ciocan, G. Ponchak, and S. R. LeClair pp. 3387-3390


Novel apparatus for the in situ study of hydrothermal crystallizations using time-resolved neutron diffraction Richard I. Walton, Robin J. Francis, P. Shiv Halasyamani, Dermot O' Hare, Ronald I. Smith, Robert Done, and Robin J. Humphreys pp. 3391-3396

A high pressure permeameter for the measurement of liquid conductivity of porous construction materials K. M. Green, W. D. Hoff, M. A. Carter, M. A. Wilson, and J. P. Hyatt pp. 3397-3401

Nonmagnetic piston–cylinder pressure cell for use at 35 kbar and above I. R. Walker pp. 3402-3412

Thermal expansion measurement of pure aluminum using a very low thermal expansion heating stage for x-ray diffraction experiments G. Langelaan and S. Saimoto pp. 3413-3417

Kelvin probe liquid-surface potential sensor I. R. Peterson pp. 3418-3424

Effect of temperature errors on accuracy of deep traps parameters obtained from transient measurements Michal Pawlowski pp. 3425-3428

Sub-micron photocurrent mapping of heterostructures by micro-probe optical-beam induced current M. De Vittorio, R. Cingolani, M. Mazzer, and D. B. Holt pp. 3429-3431

Versatile cell for complex permittivity measurements on liquids Ion C. Halalay pp. 3432-3434

A compact electron beam evaporator for carbon doping in solid source molecular beam epitaxy D. Reuter, A. D. Wieck, and A. Fischer pp. 3435-3438


Systematic and random error suppression in instrumentation for stripping (chrono)potentiometry Miloslav t'astný and Pavel Lepí pp. 3439-3446

A nonstationary microwave spectrometer V. L. Vaks, V. V. Khodos, and E. V. Spivak pp. 3447-3453


An inductively coupled, doubly tuned resonator for in vivo nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy Roger J. McNichols, Steven M. Wright, Jeremy S. Wasser, and Gerard L. Coté pp. 3454-3456

Streamer discharge reactor for water treatment by pulsed power Igor V. Lisitsyn, Hiroaki Nomiyama, Sunao Katsuki, and Hidenori Akiyama pp. 3457-3462


Suspension last stages for the mirrors of the Virgo interferometric gravitational wave antenna A. Bernardini, E. Majorana, P. Puppo, P. Rapagnani, F. Ricci, and G. Testi pp. 3463-3472


Low-noise, low drift, high precision linear bipolar ( ± 10 V) voltage supply/reference for cryogenic front-end apparatus Gianluigi Pessina pp. 3473-3478

A novel capacitive wave form transformer B. C. Paul, M. Satyam, and A. Selvarajan pp. 3479-3482

A high precision method for measuring very small capacitance changes Ashkan Ashrafi and Hossein Golnabi pp. 3483-3487


High-precision hydraulic Stewart platform Roelof G. van Silfhout pp. 3488-3494


A method for the growth and cooling of strain-free single crystals of cryogenic solids E. Gregoryanz, M. J. Clouter, and H. Kiefte pp. 3495-3496