Review of Scientific Instruments, 1999, V 70, N 5, May


Review of black surfaces for space-borne infrared systems M. J. Persky pp. 2193-2217



Subpicosecond optical sampling spectrometer using asynchronous tunable mode-locked lasers Y. Takagi and S. Adachi pp. 2218-2224

Noncontact measurement of étalon spacing using a retroreflection technique Paul J. Thomas, R. Mani, and N. Khalil pp. 2225-2229

Acoustically adjustable LiNbO3 double-crystal monochromator for synchrotron radiation Igor Polikarpov, Ricardo Toledo de Oliveira, and Emil Zolotoyabko pp. 2230-2234

Large area and high sensitivity a-Si:H/a-SiC:H based detectors for visible and ultraviolet light P. Mandracci, F. Giorgis, C. F. Pirri, and M. L. Rastello pp. 2235-2237

Nanometer focusing of hard x rays by phase zone plates W. Yun, B. Lai, Z. Cai, J. Maser, D. Legnini, E. Gluskin, Z. Chen, A. A. Krasnoperova, Y. Vladimirsky, F. Cerrina, E. Di Fabrizio, and M. Gentili pp. 2238-2241

Hermetic sample enclosure for simultaneous differential scanning calorimetry/synchrotron powder x-ray diffraction Dusan Lexa pp. 2242-2245

A segmented ion chamber to measure the intensities and energies of synchrotron radiation x rays Chih-Hao Lee, Kuan-Li Yu, Huan-Chi Tseng, and Tse-Min Wang pp. 2246-2247

A high temperature furnace for in situ and time-resolved x-ray diffraction studies M. J. Capitán, N. Thouin, and G. Rostaing pp. 2248-2252

Evaluation of laser-irradiated Ar clusters as a source for time-resolved x-ray studies J. Larsson and A. Sjögren pp. 2253-2256

Design and construction of a nanoelectrospray ion source for a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer Heinz Troxler, Erich Wetzel, Thomas Kuster, and Claus W. Heizmann pp. 2257-2261

Experimental adaptive optimization of mass spectrometer ion optic voltages using a genetic algorithm Scott D. Carpenter, Carolyn P. Schick, and Peter M. Weber pp. 2262-2267


Photoelectron–multiple-photofragment coincidence spectrometer K. A. Hanold, A. K. Luong, T. G. Clements, and R. E. Continetti pp. 2268-2276

Efficient and robust anion source, based on a microchannel plate electron source J. Schiedt and R. Weinkauf pp. 2277-2281

A fast, parallel acquisition, electron energy analyzer: The hyperbolic field analyzer M. Jacka, M. Kirk, M. M. El Gomati, and M. Prutton pp. 2282-2287

A new method for nondestructively monitoring the position of a charged particle beam in real time J. Asada, F. J. Currell, T. Fukami, N. Nakamura, E. Nojikawa, S. Ohtani, and H. Watanabe pp. 2288-2292

Trim coil system design of a superconducting ring cyclotron J.-W. Kim, A. Goto, and Y. Yano pp. 2293-2299

Analysis of an asymmetric resonant cavity as a beam monitor David H. Whittum and Yury Kolomensky pp. 2300-2313


Measurements of thick target neutron yields and shielding studies using beams of 4He, 12C and 16O at 155 MeV/nucleon from the K1200 cyclotron at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory G. I. Britvich, A. A. Chumakov, R. M. Ronningen, R. A. Blue, and L. H. Heilbronn pp. 2314-2324

On apparatus for studying catalysts and catalytic processes using neutron scattering J. F. C. Turner, R. Done, J. Dreyer, W. I. F. David, and C. R. A. Catlow pp. 2325-2330

A large-area plasma source excited by a tunable surface wave cavity T. J. Wu and C. S. Kou pp. 2331-2337

Effects of filament positions on the arc discharge characteristics of a negative hydrogen ion source for neutral beam injector Shiro Asano, Katsuyoshi Tsumori, Toshihisa Okuyama, Yasuo Suzuki, Masaki Osakabe, Yoshihide Oka, Yasuhiko Takeiri, and Osamu Kaneko pp. 2338-2344

A dusty double plasma device Y. Nakamura and H. Bailung pp. 2345-2348

Characterization of a high-density large scale pulsed gas jet for laser– gas interaction experiments T. Auguste, M. Bougeard, E. Caprin, P. D'Oliveira, and P. Monot pp. 2349-2354

Acceleration of large size deuterium pellets to high speeds using a small two-stage pneumatic gun A. Frattolillo, S. Migliori, G. Angelone, M. Capobianchi, C. Dommo, G. Ronci, and D. K. Griffin pp. 2355-2364


ac ohm meter for low-temperature thermometry X. G. Feng, S. Zelakiewicz, and T. J. Gramila pp. 2365-2371

Measurement of thermal diffusivity of air using photopyroelectric interferometry Chinhua Wang and Andreas Mandelis pp. 2372-2378

Noise analysis of geometrically complex mechanical structures using the analogy between electrical circuits and mechanical systems G. G. Yaralioglu and A. Atalar pp. 2379-2383

Automated constant voltage anemometer with in situ measurements of overheat and time constant of the hot wire Garimella R. Sarma and Robert W. Lankes pp. 2384-2386

A rheo-optical apparatus for simultaneous detection of rheology, small-angle light scattering, and optical microscopy under transient, oscillatory, and continuous shear flows Katsuo Matsuzaka and Takeji Hashimoto pp. 2387-2397


Soft, entirely photoplastic probes for scanning force microscopy G. Genolet, J. Brugger, M. Despont, U. Drechsler, P. Vettiger, N. F. de Rooij, and D. Anselmetti pp. 2398-2401

System analysis of the force-feedback method for force curve measurements Nobuhiro Kato, Hisao Kikuta, Takashi Nakano, Toshiro Matsumoto, and Koichi Iwata pp. 2402-2407


Nanoindentation and contact stiffness measurement using force modulation with a capacitive load-displacement transducer S. A. Syed Asif, K. J. Wahl, and R. J. Colton pp. 2408-2413

Mass spectrometric estimation of gas permeation coefficients for thin polymer membranes Holger Nörenberg, T. Miyamoto, Y. Tsukahara, G. D. W. Smith, and G. A. D. Briggs pp. 2414-2420

A new scanning capillary tube viscometer Young I. Cho, Won-Tae Kim, and Kenneth R. Kensey pp. 2421-2423

A precision capacitance cell for measurement of thin film out-of-plane expansion. II. Hygrothermal expansion Chad R. Snyder and Frederick I. Mopsik pp. 2424-2431

A solution flow system for hydrothermal–electrochemical growth of multilayered thin films Wojciech L. Suchanek, Tomoaki Watanabe, Bungo Sakurai, Naoki Kumagai, and Masahiro Yoshimura pp. 2432-2437

Axisymmetric drop shape analysis as penetration Langmuir balance M. A. Cabrerizo-Vílchez, H. A. Wege, J. A. Holgado-Terriza, and A. W. Neumann pp. 2438-2444

Development of magnetization measurement under high pressure and pulsed high magnetic field S. Endo, J. Yamada, S. Imada, M. Ishizuka, K. Kindo, S. Miyamoto, and F. Ono pp. 2445-2447

High-pressure autoclave for multipurpose nuclear magnetic resonance measurements up to 10 MPa W. Behr, A. Haase, G. Reichenauer, and J. Fricke pp. 2448-2453

A liquid helium cryostat for the study of pressure effects on hole burned spectra of hyperquenched glassy films J. M. Hayes, T. Reinot, P. Shields, and G. J. Small pp. 2454-2457

More vertical etch profile using a Faraday cage in plasma etching Byeong-Ok Cho, Sung-Wook Hwang, Jung-Hyun Ryu, and Sang Heup Moon pp. 2458-2461


Liquid reaction apparatus for surface analysis C. C. Chusuei, T. S. Murrell, J. S. Corneille, M. G. Nooney, S. M. Vesecky, L. R. Hossner, and D. W. Goodman pp. 2462-2464


Active shielding to reduce low frequency disturbances in direct current near biomagnetic measurements D. Platzek, H. Nowak, F. Giessler, J. Röther, and M. Eiselt pp. 2465-2470

A transient polarization grating method to study tumbling and bending dynamics of DNA Alexei N. Naimushin, Bryant S. Fujimoto, Jeffrey J. Delrow, and J. Michael Schurr pp. 2471-2480


Single-beam integrating sphere spectrophotometer for reflectance and transmittance measurements versus angle of incidence in the solar wavelength range on diffuse and specular samples Per Nostell, Arne Roos, and Daniel Rönnow pp. 2481-2494

Columnar focal lens David W. Scholfield, John M. Gahl, and Naoyuki Shimomura pp. 2495-2499

Initial results from ground-based testing of an atomic oxygen sensor designed for use in earth orbit J. J. Osborne, G. T. Roberts, A. R. Chambers, and S. B. Gabriel pp. 2500-2506

An inverted pendulum preisolator stage for the VIRGO suspension system G. Losurdo, M. Bernardini, S. Braccini, C. Bradaschia, C. Casciano, V. Dattilo, R. De Salvo, A. Di Virgilio, F. Frasconi, A. Gaddi, A. Gennai, A. Giazotto, H. B. Pan, F. Paoletti, A. Pasqualetti et al. pp. 2507-2515


A frequency modulated mm-wave interferometer with a single sideband upconverter B. C. Kim, J. Hong, J. G. Yang, H. K. Na, S. M. Hwang, and K. H. Chung , Hanbit Project Team pp. 2516-2519

Spectrum analyzer with noise reduction by cross-correlation technique on two channels M. Sampietro, L. Fasoli, and G. Ferrari pp. 2520-2525

A 200 GHz near field measurement system S. C. Yang, C. C. Chin, Robert Hu, and S. S. Shen pp. 2526-2532

A quasilinear wide-range radiometer amplifier implemented with correlated phase-sensitive detection Sen-Yen Shaw and Yu-Wei Hsiao pp. 2533-2536

Interface circuits for quartz-crystal-microbalance sensors Frank Eichelbaum, Ralf Borngräber, Jens Schröder, Ralf Lucklum, and Peter Hauptmann pp. 2537-2545


Precise rotary motor by inchworm motion using dual wrap belts Sang-Chae Kim and Soo Hyun Kim pp. 2546-2550

All-fiber-optic sensor for liquid level measurement Ilko K. Ilev and Ronald W. Waynant pp. 2551-2554